当前位置:  首页  >  服务器技术  >  Linux/unix  >  Linux系统

在Fedora18内核版本3.8.0下测试虚拟内存实践

在Fedora18内核版本3.8.0下测试虚拟内存实践由于内核文件版本不同,难免有一些问题,只要把头文件关系理清楚就行了,这里不说了,下面直接贴出来测试过可以用的代码吧。/*mtest_dump_vma_list():打印出当前进程的各个VMA,这个功能我们简称”listvma”mtest_find_vma():找出某个虚地址所在的VMA,这个功能我们
在Fedora 18 内核版本3.8.0下测试虚拟内存实践 由于内核文件版本不同,难免有一些问题,只要把头文件关系理清楚就行了,这里不说了,下面直接贴出来测试过可以用的代码吧。 /*
mtest_dump_vma_list():打印出当前进程的各个VMA,这个功能我们简称”listvma”
mtest_find_vma(): 找出某个虚地址所在的VMA,这个功能我们简称“findvma”
my_follow_page( ):根据页表,求出某个虚地址所在的物理页面,这个功能我们简称”findpage”
mtest_write_val(), 在某个地址写上具体数据,这个功能我们简称“writeval”.
*/
#include
#include
#include
#include
#include
#include
#include
#include
#include
#include
#include
#include
MODULE_LICENSE("GPL");
/*
@如何编写代码查看自己的进程到底有哪些虚拟区?

*/
#define current get_current()
struct task_struct;

static void mtest_dump_vma_list(void)
{
struct mm_struct *mm = current->mm;
struct vm_area_struct *vma;
printk("The current process is %s\n",current->comm);
printk("mtest_dump_vma_list\n");
down_read(&mm->mmap_sem);
for (vma = mm->mmap;vma; vma = vma->vm_next) {
printk(" VMA 0x%lx-0x%lx ",
vma->vm_start, vma->vm_end);
if (vma->vm_flags & VM_WRITE)
printk(" WRITE ");
if (vma->vm_flags & VM_READ)
printk(" READ ");
if (vma->vm_flags & VM_EXEC)
printk("EXEC ");
printk("\n");
}
up_read(&mm->mmap_sem);
}

/*
@如果知道某个虚地址,比如,0×8049000,
又如何找到这个地址所在VMA是哪个?

*/

static void  mtest_find_vma(unsigned long addr)
{
struct vm_area_struct *vma;
struct mm_struct *mm = current->mm;
printk("mtest_find_vma\n"); down_read(&mm->mmap_sem);
vma = find_vma(mm, addr);
if (vma && addr >= vma->vm_start) {
printk("found vma 0x%lx-0x%lx flag %lx for addr 0x%lx\n",
vma->vm_start, vma->vm_end, vma->vm_flags, addr);
} else {
printk("no vma found for %lx\n", addr);
}
up_read(&mm->mmap_sem);
}
/* @一个物理页在内核中用struct page来描述。
给定一个虚存区VMA和一个虚地址addr,
找出这个地址所在的物理页面page.
*/
static struct page *
my_follow_page(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr)
{
pud_t *pud;
pmd_t *pmd;
pgd_t *pgd;
pte_t *pte;
spinlock_t *ptl;
struct page *page = NULL;
struct mm_struct *mm = vma->vm_mm;
pgd = pgd_offset(mm, addr);
if (pgd_none(*pgd) || unlikely(pgd_bad(*pgd))) {
goto out;
}
pud = pud_offset(pgd, addr);
if (pud_none(*pud) || unlikely(pud_bad(*pud)))
goto out;
pmd = pmd_offset(pud, addr);
if (pmd_none(*pmd) || unlikely(pmd_bad(*pmd))) {
goto out;
}
pte = pte_offset_map_lock(mm, pmd, addr, &ptl);
if (!pte)
goto out;
if (!pte_present(*pte))
goto unlock;
page = pfn_to_page(pte_pfn(*pte));
if (!page)
goto unlock;
get_page(page);
unlock:
pte_unmap_unlock(pte, ptl);
out:
return page;
}

/*
@ 根据页表,求出某个虚地址所在的物理页面,
这个功能我们简称”findpage”

*/
static void  mtest_find_page(unsigned long addr)
{
struct vm_area_struct *vma;
struct mm_struct *mm = current->mm;
unsigned long kernel_addr;
struct page *page;
printk("mtest_write_val\n");
down_read(&mm->mmap_sem);
vma = find_vma(mm, addr);
page = my_follow_page(vma, addr);
if (!page)
{
printk("page not found  for 0x%lx\n", addr);
goto out;
}
printk("page  found  for 0x%lx\n", addr);
kernel_addr = (unsigned long)page_address(page);
kernel_addr += (addr&~PAGE_MASK);
printk("find  0x%lx to kernel address 0x%lx\n", addr, kernel_addr);
  out:
up_read(&mm->mmap_sem);
}  
/*
@你是否有这样的想法,
给某个地址写入自己所想写的数据?
*/   static void
mtest_write_val(unsigned long addr, unsigned long val)
{
struct vm_area_struct *vma;
struct mm_struct *mm = current->mm;
struct page *page;
unsigned long kernel_addr;
printk("mtest_write_val\n");
down_read(&mm->mmap_sem);
vma = find_vma(mm, addr);
if (vma && addr >= vma->vm_start && (addr + sizeof(val)) < vma->vm_end) {
if (!(vma->vm_flags & VM_WRITE)) {
printk("vma is not writable for 0x%lx\n", addr);
goto out;
}
page = my_follow_page(vma, addr);
if (!page) {
printk("page not found  for 0x%lx\n", addr);
goto out;
}
kernel_addr = (unsigned long)page_address(page);
kernel_addr += (addr&~PAGE_MASK);
printk("write 0x%lx to address 0x%lx\n", val, kernel_addr);
*(unsigned long *)kernel_addr = val;
put_page(page);
} else {
printk("no vma found for %lx\n", addr);
}
out:
up_read(&mm->mmap_sem);
}
  static ssize_t
mtest_write(struct file *file, const char __user * buffer,
size_t count, loff_t * data)
{

printk("mtest_write....\n");
char buf[128];
unsigned long val, val2;
if (count > sizeof(buf))
return -EINVAL;
if (copy_from_user(buf, buffer, count))
return -EINVAL;
if (memcmp(buf, "listvma", 7) == 0)
mtest_dump_vma_list();
else if (memcmp(buf, "findvma", 7) == 0) {
if (sscanf(buf + 7, "%lx", &val) == 1) {
mtest_find_vma(val);
}
}
else if (memcmp(buf, "findpage", 8) == 0) {
if (sscanf(buf + 8, "%lx", &val) == 1) {
mtest_find_page(val);
//my_follow_page(vma, addr);
}
}
else  if (memcmp(buf, "writeval", 8) == 0) {
if (sscanf(buf + 8, "%lx %lx", &val, &val2) == 2) {
mtest_write_val(val, val2);
}
}
return count;
}
static struct
file_operations proc_mtest_operations = {
.write        = mtest_write
};
static struct proc_dir_entry *mtest_proc_entry;
//整个操作我们以模块的形式实现,因此,模块的初始化和退出函数如下:
static int __init
mtest_init(void)
{
mtest_proc_entry = create_proc_entry("mtest", 0777, NULL);
if (mtest_proc_entry == NULL) {
printk("Error creating proc entry\n");
return -1;
}
printk("create the filename mtest mtest_init sucess  \n");
mtest_proc_entry->proc_fops = &proc_mtest_operations;
mtest_dump_vma_list();
return 0;
}
static void
__exit mtest_exit(void)
{
printk("exit the module mtest_exit\n");
remove_proc_entry("mtest", NULL);
}
MODULE_LICENSE("GPL");
MODULE_DESCRIPTION("mtest");
MODULE_AUTHOR("Zou Nan hai");
module_init(mtest_init);
module_exit(mtest_exit);
吐了个 "CAO" !
扫码关注 PHP1 官方微信号
PHP1.CN | 中国最专业的PHP中文社区 | 凯发国际娱乐 | 凯发国际娱乐下载 | 数据库技术 | 服务器技术 | 前端开发技术 | PHP框架 | 开发工具 | PHP问答
Copyright © 1998 - 2020 PHP1.CN. All Rights Reserved PHP1.CN 第一PHP社区 版权所有